What are Refluxing or Incompetent Veins ?
Veins have valves that act as one-way flaps that prevent blood from flowing backwards as blood is returned to the heart. Venous reflux or incompetence is a diseased or abnormal valve that is no longer able to close when subjected to pressure. This failure to close prevents the valve from stopping the backward flow of blood. In response to gravity, blood pours backward, overloading the vein with volume and pressure which leads to the development of varicose veins.
Some vein conditions may require further diagnostic testing such as vascular ultrasound and may require to be treated with Sclerotherapy or surgical intervention.
Types of Veins :
- Reticular veins or “feeder veins” :
These are superficial collecting veins that are blue or purple. These are 1 – 3. mm in diameter. Reticular veins can be treated by sclerotherapy or laser.
- Telangectasias or spider veins :
These are superficial, small veins; pink to purple in color. These are usually up to <1 mm in diameter. Telangectasias or spider veins can be treated by sclerotherapy or laser.
- Varicose veins :
These are bulging and twisting veins of the lower extremity caused by increased venous pressure as a result of venous incompetence. Bulging varicose veins should be evaluated by a vascular surgeon.
Laser Vein Therapy for the Face and Body :
Laser combines the ideal laser wavelength with the most flexible parameters to deliver a superior vascular laser system. It treats a broad range of vessels from tiny spider veins to deep blue reticular veins quickly, safely, and effectively. Patients with dark, light or tanned skin can experience outstanding results.
How does Laser Vein Therapy work ?
The purpose of the treatment is to selectively treat the target of hemoglobin (chromophore) without causing thermal damage to the surrounding tissue. Laser light is absorbed by hemoglobin in the veins and the heat produced causes photocoagulation.This heat is transferred to the vessel wall which affects the collagen and ultimately helps to destroy the vessel and prevent recanalization. The laser treats individual veins but new veins may appear due to an underlying disorder.
Who can be a candidate for Laser Vein treatment ?
The Laser offers treatment of patients of all skin tones. Your physician will advise you if Laser Vein Therapy is right for you.
What types of veins can be treated ?
Laser can remove unsightly veins from all parts of the body. Small, facial veins (or “telangiectasia”) can be treated quickly without bruising or complication. Spider veins and large blue leg veins can also be treated with excellent results. Knotty varicose veins are not good candidates. A careful evaluation with your physician will help you determine which vessels can be treated and the best course of treatment.
How does this compare to Sclerotherapy ?
Your doctor will advise you on the best course of action, but many physicians and patients prefer Laser Vein Therapy because there are no painful injections.
What about blood blisters and port wine stains ?
Blood blisters or “hemangiomas” respond very well to Laser treatment, usually with just one session. Patients with port wine stains and other vascular lesions who had given up on finding a solution have been overwhelmed by the success of their Laser vascular treatments. Consult your physician for a thorough evaluation.
How many treatments will I need ?
Often, patients find that one or two treatments are sufficient. However, the number of treatments necessary depends on the number, color, and size of the vessels being treated. Since individual results vary, ask your medical professional about your specific condition.
Do the treatments hurt ?
Most patients experience a stinging sensation as the pulses of energy are delivered through the handpiece. Although no local anesthesia or pain medication is typically required, many patients opt to use a topical anesthetic prior to treatment. Following the treatment, the pain is minimal to nonexistent.
What happens after the treatment ?
Following your treatment, some redness or bruising may occur. When larger veins are treated, a tan or brownish pigment may persist for a few weeks or months following treatment. Patients who have leg vein treatments may be advised to wear support hose for a short period of time.
What are the possible side effects ?
Although many patients report few if any side effects, those most commonly noticed are slight reddening and local swelling of the skin. These effects typically last for less than 24 hours. Some patients may experience bruising and, in rare instances, blistering may occur. Consult with your medical professional for complete information about the benefits and risks of treatment.
Are there any restrictions on my activity after treatment ?
Patients generally resume most normal activities immediately. However, it is recommended that you avoid vigorous activities such as strenuous exercise for the first 24 hours after treatment. The use of sunscreen is recommended on any treated areas exposed to the sun. As always, it is a good idea to limit your sun exposure.
When will I see results ?
Most patients find that the majority of the treated veins have shown significant improvement within two to six weeks of treatment. However, your final results may not be apparent for several months. Over time, it is possible for new veins to appear, but these too can be removed with the Laser.