Inflammatory Acne and Acne Scars:
There are many types of Acne requiring different treatments.
Comedonal acne :
Is a mild acne that involves blackheads and whiteheads and appears most often on the forehead, nose and chin. It forms because a component of skin oil called sebum, along with old skin cells, block the pores of the skin. This can be treated with topical creams and gels such as retinoids, and Tazorac or with combination of topical creams and oral antibiotic.
Inflammatory acne :
This form of acne occurs when the area just under the blackhead or whitehead becomes inflamed.
Cystic acne :
The most severe form of acne, cystic acne develops as the result of an actual infection in the area of the outbreak and can result in disfiguring, permanent scarring.
How is Acne treated?
The type of treatment that works for you will depend both on the kind of acne you have, and the additional factors that seem to trigger acne outbreaks.
When acne does not respond to the standard medications patients can be prescribed drug isotretinoin, or one of several procedure-based treatments for acne that involve using laser or light treatment to reduce inflammation and kill acne-causing bacteria.
Isotretinoin is an extremely powerful treatment for acne but also carries with it risks and side effects, including inflammatory bowel disease, ulcerative colitis, liver damage, bony malformations, depression, and a virtual certainty of severe birth defects for the babies of women who take isotretinoin while pregnant. Women must also undergo a monthly pregnancy test before each refill.
The alternative to isotretinoin for people with severe, stubborn acne, is a treatment involving laser/light therapy.