Freckles are flat small tan or light-brown spots on sun-exposed skin. Common freckles themselves are quite harmless.
What do freckles look like?
Freckles are flat, tanned circular spots that typically are the size of the head of a common nail. The spots are multiple and may develop on sun-exposed skin after repeated exposure to sunlight. These are particularly common in people of fair complexion on upper-body skin areas like the cheeks, nose, arms, and upper shoulders.
Why do Freckles occur?
Freckles are due to an increase in the amount of dark pigment called melanin and are not due to an increase in the total number of pigment-producing cells called melanocytes.
What is the treatment for freckles?
Several safe methods are available to help lighten or reduce the appearance of freckles. Frequently, multiple or a combination of treatments may be required for best results.
Bleaching or fading creams containing hydroquinone and kojic acid can help lighten freckles if they are applied consistently over a period of months.
Laser treatment :
Multiple types of lasers may help lighten and decrease the appearance of freckles safely and effectively. This is a simple and safe procedure with a high success rate and a low risk of scarring or skin discoloration.
Photofacials or Intense Pulsed Light :
These treatments are another method to lighten and remove freckles. This is not a true laser technique but an intense light source.
Chemical peels can also help lighten freckles and improve irregular pigmentation.